PKey Report

PK: C494                  TITLE: Koukoura/Achaia Klauss


WGS84:        38.196133° N, 21.774009° E
                      38.196133, 21.774009      

MAP      GMAP      GHACK      BING

LON/LAT:      21.774009, 38.196133
DM'S":          38° 11' 46.079" N      21° 46' 26.432" E
W3W:             ducking.looker.door
UTM:              34 S   567775.02 m E   4227859.83 m N
EGSA87:       304924, 4229631

Accuracy:     10 m.
Elevation:     219 m.       718.50396 feet
Region:         Achaea
  Target:    
GENERAL SITE TYPE:  Cem

TYPE

1.    Cem.   Giannopoulos [2008], 57    'Sehr reich waren die Keramikbeigaben der untersuchten Gräber, ...'

2.    Cem.   Simpson [1981], 90    'A Mycenaean cemetery of well cut and rich chamber tombs was found at the foot of the mountain Koukoura, behind the "Achaia-Klauss" factory.'

3.    Chamber Tomb.   Simpson and Dickinson [1979], 87    'A cemetery of well-cut, rich chamber tombs at the foot of the mountain Koukoura...'

4.    Chamber Tomb.   Åström [1965], 104    'Kyparissis excavated 3 chamber tombs in ... 1936.', 'Kyparissis discovered five more chamber tombs at the site in 1937', 'Four chamber tombs were excavated in 1938 ... '

5.    Chamber Tomb.   Ålin [1962], 63    '1936-38 grub Kyparissis bei und auf dem Berg Kammergräber aus.'

6.    Chamber Tomb.   Papadopoulos [1979], 27    'Kyparisses excavated twelve chamber tombs - variously called "Klauss","Antheia", or "Skondras" in the PAE reports - and some others were found plundered.'

PERIOD (High Chronology)


1. LH IIIA: (1410 BC - 1315 BC)

    a.    Papadopoulos [1979]: 27 'LHIIIA - C, SM'

    b.    Giannopoulos [2008]: 57 '..., die die Gräber in die Periode SH IIIA-Submykenisch datieren lassen, ...'

2. LH IIIA2: (1375 BC - 1320 BC)

    a.    Åström [1965]: 105 'The cemetery seems to have been in use from Mycenaean III A:2 - III B through IIIC.'

3. LH IIIB: (1320 BC - 1190 BC)

    a.    Simpson [1981]: 90 'LH IIIB-C'

    b.    Papadopoulos [1979]: 27 'LHIIIA - C, SM'

    c.    Simpson and Dickinson [1979]: 87 'LH IIIB-C', 'The pottery, ... seems largely LH IIIC but probably extends back into LH IIIB;...'

    d.    Giannopoulos [2008]: 57 '..., wobei die Phasen SH IIIB - IIIC stärker repräsentiert sind.'

    e.    Åström [1965]: 105 'The cemetery seems to have been in use from Mycenaean III A:2 - III B through IIIC.'

    f.    Ålin [1962]: 64 ' ..., IIIB kommt aber auch in einigen Fällen vor.'

4. LH IIIC: (1190 BC - 1060 BC)

    a.    Simpson [1981]: 90 'LH IIIB-C'

    b.    Papadopoulos [1979]: 27 'LHIIIA - C, SM'

    c.    Simpson and Dickinson [1979]: 87 'LH IIIB-C', 'The pottery, ... seems largely LH IIIC but probably extends back into LH IIIB;...'

    d.    Giannopoulos [2008]: 57 '..., das die meisten Kriegerbestattungen (sieben) der Phase SH IIIC erbracht hat.', 'Der vielleicht wichtigste Befund dieser Grabungskampagnen war aber die SH IIIC-zeitliche Kriegerbestattung des Grabes [theta].'

    e.    Åström [1965]: 105 'The cemetery seems to have been in use from Mycenaean III A:2 - III B through IIIC.'

    f.    Ålin [1962]: 64 'Der Dekor ist auch auf dem gewöhnlicheren Gefässen der für IIIC in Achaia typische ... '

5. Sub Mycenaean: (1060 BC - 1000 BC)

    a.    Papadopoulos [1979]: 27 'LHIIIA - C, SM'

    b.    Giannopoulos [2008]: 57 '... Submykenisch datieren lassen, ...'

GENERAL NOTE

- Note the variant spelling in the German language: 'Clauss'.

- See the discussion of the location of these chamber tombs in the blog post here.

- Position confirmed by consulting Kaskantiri [2016] ΠΙΝΑΚΑΣ 2.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1.  Ålin [1962]:  Ålin, Per. Das Ende der mykenischen Fundstätten auf dem griechischen Festland. Carl Bloms Boktryckeri A.-B., Lund, 1962., 'Koukoura', pg. 63.

2.  Åström [1965]:  Åström, Paul. ‘Mycenaean Pottery from the Region of Aigion, with a List of Prehistoric Sites in Achaia’, Opuscula Atheniensia, V, pp. 89-110, C.W.K. Gleerup, Lund, 1965., 'Koukoura.', pg. 104.

3.  Giannopoulos [2008]:  Giannopoulos, T.. Die Letzte Elite der mykenischen Welt: Achaia in mykenischer Zeit und das Phänomen der Kriegerbestattungen im 12.-11. Jahrhundert v. Chr.. Bonn: Habelt. 2008., 'Clauss', pg. 55.

4.  Kaskantiri [2016]:  Kaskantiri, Sophia. ΤΑ ΜΥΚΗΝΑΙΚΑ ΝΕΚΡΟΤΑΦΕΙΑ ΣΤΙΣ ΘΕΣΕΙΣ ΖΩΗΤΑΔΑ ΚΑΙ ΑΓΙΟΣ ΚΩΝΣΤΑΝΤΙΝΟΣ ΣΘΝ ΚΡΗΝΕ ΠΑΤΡΩΝ. ΔΙΔΑΚΤΟΡlΚΗ ΔΙΑΤΡΙΒΗ, ΙΩΑΝΝΙΝΑ 20Ι6, '', Online here.

5.  Papadopoulos [1979]:  Papadopoulos, Thanasis J.. Mycenaean Achaea; Part 1: Text. Paul Åströms Förlag, Göteborg, Sweden. 1979. Vol 1., '12. Klauss (Koukoura, Antheia)', pg. 27.

6.  Simpson [1981]:  Simpson, Richard Hope. Mycenaean Greece. Park Ridge, New Jersey: Noyes Press, 1981., 'D 29 Koukoura', pg. 90. Online here.

7.  Simpson and Dickinson [1979]:  Simpson, Richard Hope and O.T.P.K. Dickinson. A Gazetteer of Aegean Civilization in the Bronze Age, Vol. I: The Mainland and the Islands. Paul Åströms Förlag, Goteborg. 1979., 'B 44 Koukoura (near the Achaia-Klauss factory)', pg. 87. Online here.