PKey Report

PK: C500                  TITLE: Patras: Petroto: Tholos


WGS84:        38.193817° N, 21.76769° E
                      38.193817, 21.76769      

MAP      GMAP      GHACK      BING

LON/LAT:      21.76769, 38.193817
DM'S":          38° 11' 37.741" N      21° 46' 3.684" E
W3W:             pedicure.dislodging.disbanded
UTM:              34 S   567223.83 m E   4227598.25 m N
EGSA87:       304365, 4229388

Accuracy:     50 m.
Elevation:     157 m.       515.09188 feet
Region:         Achaea
  Target:    
GENERAL SITE TYPE:  Tholos

TYPE

1.    Artifacts.   AD[1989], 132    Finds are given as bronze knife, stone and terra-cotta loom weights, small bronze objects, semiprecious stone beads, a gold spiral ring, two gold discs, a flint blade, a figurine of phi type.

2.    Pottery.   Papazoglou-Manioudaki [2009], 508    ' ... to collect some 115 half-complete pots, belonging to the types typical of the period, namely decorated pottery, ... '

3.    Tholos.   Giannopoulos [2008], 57    '...durchgeführte Notgrabung eines bei Straßenbauarbeiten entdeckten Tholosgrabes bei Petroto nördlich von Clauss.'

4.    Tholos.   Papazoglou-Manioudaki [2009], 502    'A tholos tomb ... was accidentally discovered in 1989.'

5.    Tholos.   Paschalidis [2018], 10    ' ..., Petropoulos excavated a tholos tomb, ... '

6.    Tholos.   Papazoglou-Manioudaki [2006], 134    

7.    Tholos.   Jones et al. [2017], 458    'The tholos was discovered in 1989 during road construction ... '

8.    Tholos.   AD[1989], 132    ' ... μυκηναϊκός θολωτός τάφος.'

PERIOD (High Chronology)


1. LH II: (1635 BC - 1410 BC)

    a.    AD[1989]: 132 First use of the tomb is given as ' ... YE II περίοδο.'

2. LH IIA: (1635 BC - 1470 BC)

    a.    Papazoglou-Manioudaki [2009]: 508 'A few may date also to LH IIA ... '

3. LH IIB: (1470 BC - 1410 BC)

    a.    Papazoglou-Manioudaki [2006]: 'LH IIB-IIIA1'

    b.    Giannopoulos [2008]: 59 '...in SH IIB und SH IIIA1 zeugen, ...'

    c.    Jones et al. [2017]: 458 'It was constructed and first used during the early Mycenaean period (LH IIB-IIIA; 1440 -1400 BC) ... '

    d.    Papazoglou-Manioudaki [2009]: 502 'A tholos tomb of LH IIB - IIIA1 date was accidentally discovered in 1989 ... '

    e.    Paschalidis [2018]: 10 ' ..., which was constructed and used in the LH IIB and LH IIIA1 periods, ... '

4. LH IIIA: (1410 BC - 1315 BC)

    a.    Jones et al. [2017]: 458 'It was constructed and first used during the early Mycenaean period (LH IIB-IIIA; 1440 -1400 BC) ... '

5. LH IIIA1: (1410 BC - 1375 BC)

    a.    Papazoglou-Manioudaki [2006]: 'LH IIB-IIIA1'

    b.    Giannopoulos [2008]: 59 '...in SH IIB und SH IIIA1 zeugen, ...'

    c.    Papazoglou-Manioudaki [2009]: 502 'A tholos tomb of LH IIB - IIIA1 date was accidentally discovered in 1989 ... '

    d.    Paschalidis [2018]: 10 ' ... and used in the LH IIB and LH IIIA1 periods, ... '

6. LH IIIA2: (1375 BC - 1320 BC)

    a.    Papazoglou-Manioudaki [2009]: 508 ' ... and to the transitional LH IIIA1 - 2 phase.'

7. LH IIIB: (1320 BC - 1190 BC)

    a.    Jones et al. [2017]: 460 'Lastly, the final burial, Level 3, ... was dated to 1255 -1120 BC (LH IIIB).'

    b.    Paschalidis [2018]: 10 ' ... in the following palatial period it was turned into a place for depositing relocated inhumations.'

8. LH IIIC: (1190 BC - 1060 BC)

    a.    Jones et al. [2017]: 460 'Lastly, the final burial, Level 3, ... was dated to 1255 -1120 BC (LH IIIB).'

GENERAL NOTE

- Giannopoulos[2008] 57 misleads a bit when he says ' ... Tholosgrabes bei Petroto nördlich von Clauss.'

Petroto is north of Klauss but the hill of Mygdalia with which this tholos is associated is south of it.

The position that I adopted is from the map in Kaskantiri [2016] ΠΙΝΑΚΑΣ 2.



- A useful photograph of the area is in Papazoglou-Manioudaki [2009] p. 503, Fig. 1.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1.  AD[1989]:  Archaiologikon Deltion, Athens, Greece, v. 44, '', pg. 132.

2.  Cavanaugh, et al. [2009]:  Cavanaugh, Helen, William Cavanagh, and James Roy (eds.). Honouring the Dead in the Peloponnese. Proceedings of the conference held at Sparta 23-25 April 2009. The University of Nottingham, Centre for Spartan and Peloponnesian Studies. CSPS Online Publication 2. Prepared by Sam Farnham. 2009., '',

3.  Giannopoulos [2008]:  Giannopoulos, T.. Die Letzte Elite der mykenischen Welt: Achaia in mykenischer Zeit und das Phänomen der Kriegerbestattungen im 12.-11. Jahrhundert v. Chr.. Bonn: Habelt. 2008., 'Petroto (Mygdalia, Skodreika)', pg. 57.

4.  Jones et al. [2017]:  Jones, Olivia A. and Johannes van der Plicht, Lena Papazoglou-Manioudaki, Michalis Petropoulos. ‘Timing is everything: radiocarbon dating multiple levels in the Mycenaean tholos tomb of Petroto, Achaia, Greece’, STAR: Science & Technology of Archaeological Research (3:2) 456-465. 2017., 'The Petroto tholos tomb', pg. 458. Online here.

5.  Kaskantiri [2016]:  Kaskantiri, Sophia. ΤΑ ΜΥΚΗΝΑΙΚΑ ΝΕΚΡΟΤΑΦΕΙΑ ΣΤΙΣ ΘΕΣΕΙΣ ΖΩΗΤΑΔΑ ΚΑΙ ΑΓΙΟΣ ΚΩΝΣΤΑΝΤΙΝΟΣ ΣΘΝ ΚΡΗΝΕ ΠΑΤΡΩΝ. ΔΙΔΑΚΤΟΡlΚΗ ΔΙΑΤΡΙΒΗ, ΙΩΑΝΝΙΝΑ 20Ι6, '', Online here.

6.  Papazoglou-Manioudaki [2006]:  Papazoglou-Manioudaki, Lena. ‘The Middle Helladic and Late Helladic I Periods at Aigion in Achaea’, Philippa-Touchais et al. [2006], 'The graves', pg. 134. 'In the LH IIB-IIIA1 tholos tomb at Petroto, Patras,...'
Online here.

7.  Papazoglou-Manioudaki [2009]:  Papazoglou-Manioudaki, Lena. ‘Dishonouring The Dead: The Plundering Of Tholos Tombs In The Early Palatial Period And The Case Of The Tholos Tomb At Mygdalia Hill (Petroto) In Achaea’, Cavanaugh, et al. [2009], pp. 501-520. 2009., 'THE MYGDALIA HILL SETTLEMENT AND TOMBS', pg. 502. Online here.

8.  Paschalidis [2018]:  Paschalidis, Constantinos (with contributions by Photini J.P. McGeorge and Wiesław Więckowski). The Mycenaean Cemetery at Achaia Clauss near Patras; People, material remains and culture in context. Archaeopress Publishing Ltd, Summertown, Oxford OX2 7LG. 2018., 'Outside the settlement, ... ', pg. 10. Online here.